A tablet, especially an iPad, is a tech toy that combines fun with function. Tablets are ideal for children with learning difficulties.
My five-year-old son’s face is alight with that wonderful mix of concentration and the joy of achieving. Matt is doing a puzzle on his tablet. Using one finger, he slides the puzzle pieces into place with great ease, showing that his mind can see exactly where the pieces should go. Matt has a rare genetic syndrome that results in global developmental delay with fine motor and speech difficulties. He enjoys doing real puzzles, but his hands often let him down. Sometimes it takes him five or six frustrated attempts before he eventually gets the piece in place. But the tablet offers him movement at a flick of his finger, allowing him to achieve tasks free from the limitations of his fine motor difficulties.
Combining fun with function
As Matt’s physiotherapist, Pamela Hansford, explains: “The iPad is an exciting tool that puts ‘fun’ into ‘function’ as it reduces the effort required for a task while increasing the success rate.” Children need to experience success to confidently engage with the world around them.
Just a click away
We bought Matt an iPad to support his communication efforts, but you can use any of the other tablet computers that are available.
When Matt was four years old, his receptive language was far more advanced than his expressive language. He was mostly unable to speak, but could communicate using some signs. Although our family understood his signing, most other people did not. This is where the iPad has proved useful. Coupled with the augmentative communication application, Proloquo2go, it functions as a speech-generating device. But, unlike other communication devices, it is significantly cheaper and more versatile.
As Matt presses a picture on the screen, the iPad speaks that word aloud, enabling him to communicate his thoughts and express his needs. One can customise by adding any number of pictures, uploading personal photos, and categorising them in different ways to make it easy to navigate. It’s simple to programme and allows the user to put together whole sentences. Now anyone can understand Matt.
Hansford has also seen the positive benefits of using a tablet computer with a young girl who has severe athetoid cerebral palsy. Let’s call her Katie to respect her privacy.
Katie’s physical challenges make it hard for her to function independently and she requires physical support for most daily activities. Katie’s speech therapist Deborah Stodel introduced her to the iPad. Initially, the tablet’s bright lights and sounds scared Katie, but Stodel helped desensitise her to this sensory input. Now Katie uses it for reading, drawing, spelling, piano playing, problem-solving and listening to music.
“Katie delights in being able to achieve ‘pen and paper tasks’ with ease, accuracy and speed for the first time in her life,” explains Hansford. “The iPad is supporting transformational change in her daily life. For example, she no longer expresses her needs by issuing short, gruff demands, but is now able to frame polite requests.”
Benefits and limits
A tablet is easy to handle, which motivates children like Matt and Katie to participate in the learning process. When it’s difficult to move your body, you are often reliant on others choosing your activities for you. Because the tablet is so simple to manipulate, children can choose which application they want to use, giving them control over their own journey of exploration and learning.
Stodel has integrated technology into her work with children with autism, Down’s syndrome, learning difficulties and other developmental problems. She loves how user-friendly tablet computers are and how highly motivating it is for children to learn using these gadgets. One can download thousands of applications, many of which are free, so there is something for everyone.
Although she thoroughly recommends it as a therapeutic tool and an educational device, Stodel offers some cautions. Some children become so engrossed with the tablet in their hands that they make less eye contact and engage less with people. This is counter-productive in children with autism who struggle with relating. Other children with obsessive-compulsive tendencies may become fixated on it, throwing tantrums when encouraged to engage in other activities. Stodel warns that, as with all tools, a tablet is only as effective as the person handling it.
Similarly, they only become remarkable empowering tools when the child’s team of parents, therapists and teachers facilitate it well. A helpful hint Stodel offers is that one should ensure that the applications are in line with the child’s developmental goals, thereby providing enough challenge so as not to be boring, but not too difficult so that there is no chance of success.
What is so meaningful for us as parents is that, through Matt’s interactions with the iPad, we can see what he is indeed capable of. Before, when he was trapped by the limitations of his body, we would only see glimpses of Matt’s potential. The iPad removes the confines of hands and a mouth that just won’t do what he wants them to, and allows him to show us how much he really understands. As much as Matt loves the ability to achieve, we love being surprised by his achievements.
Read about some other electronic gadgets that help children learn while having fun.